Really an easy care bulb in the right conditions growing liliums is fairly simple. The time to plant out is in February to April in a position with some protection from wind as liliums are fairly tall growing. Remember that that these bulbs require a well drained soil otherwise they may rot over winter.
Position and Planting
A sunny position and a humus rich well drained soil is essential for good flower production, some shade in the afternoon is useful. Dig the soil over well with some well rotted compost and manure.
Bulbs can be planted at around 20cm (8inches) and give them some space to multiply if you intend to leave them in the ground so around 30cm apart. When new shoots begin to appear they can be well watered, but not wet.
Fertiliser and Mulch
Apply a liquid fertilizer such as a seaweed based product every two to thee weeks. Mulch in summer to provide a cool root run add a little potash as well.
Many growers use supports to help hold the flower heads high as the large flowers are heavy and can tend to drag the plant down. Flowers can be picked when semi open.
Care is minimal, deadhead spent flowers and remove old foliage when it has died back in autumn.
Species can be grown from seed, all lilies will produce offsets and larger clumps can be divided in early spring before growth starts. The experts also 'chip' bulbs to produce larger numbers.
Generally liliums have very few problems in the right environment, however a few issues do arise.
- Liliums not flowering
Generally this means either to much shade or the clump needs division. So shift to more light or divide and regenerate the clump.
- New shoots damaged
Slugs, snails and rabbits can all eat new young shoots
They can be an issue with liliums, wash of with a garden hose if flowers are not yet open, or use a pyrethrum spray
- Mould on stored bulbs
If you have just purchased them, send them back. If you have stored them yourself then we would tend to dispose of them. Or you can clean the bulb up by cutting away the damaged area and dusting with a fungicide.
You may also be interested in
- growing liliums in containers
- lilium care
- lilium varieties
- lilium duchartrei
- lilium lancifolium
- lilium nepalense
- lilium martagon
- lilium speciosum var. album